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s.i.s.p.i.
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scuola internazionale di specializzazione con la procedura immaginativa srl
Milano, Via Lanzone 31

   

  • Sispi La Scuola Internazionale di Specializzazione con la Procedura Immaginativa, con sede a Milano e a Roma, è collegata al Groupe International du Reve-Eveillé en Psychanalyse G.I.R.E.P. di Parigi e alla Società Italiana di Neuroscienze - S.I.N.S.; opera anche in Brasile ed in Svizzera. Sispi Promuove formazione, divulgazione e scambio interdisciplinare in campo medico e psicologico, allargato ad autori, gruppi e realtà che lavorano sulle produzioni immaginative. La ricerca volge il suo interesse verso la correlazione tra meta psicologia dell'immagine, psicoanalisi e neuroscienze.
    SispiE' sede del corso di specializzazione quadriennale in psicoterapia (autorizzato dal M.I.U.R. con D.M. 10/10/2008, ai sensi della L.56/89, art.3), di corsi di counseling (accreditati presso la Società Italiana Counseling S.I.Co.), è provider per aggiornamenti ECM presso il Ministero della Salute. Oltre all’attività formativa, la s.i.s.p.i., tramite i suoi professionisti offre servizi alla persona a Roma, Milano e in varie province del Nord Italia. Sispi Le prestazioni vengono erogate in regime libero professionale o tramite convenzioni. Per le aree psicopedagogica, psicoterapeutica e consilirare, i professionisti sono docenti o didatti della scuola o psicoterapeuti che effettuano l’aggiornamento continuo e la supervisione dei casi trattati. Per aree diverse sono operative convenzioni con consulenti esterni "d’eccellenza".

    Convegno "Il Circuito della Gratificazione", Milano 31/10/2009 - 150 partecipanti

    Sispi

    Convegno ‘Dal Rêve-Eveillè all’Esperienza Immaginativa – Palazzo Reale, Milano 23/10/2010 - 90 partecipanti

    Sispi

    SISPI - Sede di Roma, P.za Ruggero di Sicilia 2

    Sispi

    Seminario "La Coscienza tra mente e cervello", Roma 15/3/2012 – 530 partecipanti

    Sispi
  • Direttore Scientifico:

    Nicole FABRE

    Nicole Fabre – Direttore Scientifico. Allieva e continuatrice del pensiero di Robert Desoille, fondatrice e presidente storico del GIREP a Parigi, dove opera come Psicoanalista e Didatta dagli Anni Sessanta. Ha una particolare specializzazione sull’età dello sviluppo ed è nota per le numerose pubblicazioni sul Rêve-Eveillè, che insegna in varie università e scuole di specializzazione.

    Presidente e Fondatore:

    Alberto PASSERINI

    Alberto Passerini – Fondatore e Presidente. Psichiatra, Psicoterapeuta, Didatta del GIREP di Parigi di cui fa parte, all’interno del gruppo italiano (SIPRED – Società Italiana di Psicoanalisi Rêve-Eveillè di Desoille, Milano) dal 1983; ha fondato la SISPI nel 2007 e l’Istituto di Psicologia Clinica Rocca-Stendoro nel 1991; già docente presso l’Università di Roma Tor Vergata, già docente di Psicologia Clinica e docente di Psicoterapia Psicodinamica presso l’Università degli Studi dell’Insubria, della quale è afferente al Centro di Neuroscienze, incentrando questi incarichi sul Rêve-Eveillé e successive evoluzioni; dagli Anni Ottanta svolge attività clinica e didattica con l’Esperienza Immaginativa; opera a Milano, Roma, Varese.

    Riconoscimenti:

    • autorizzazione M.I.U.R. con D.M. 10/10/2008, ai sensi della Legge 56/89 art.3, per il corso di specializzazione quadriennale in psicoterapia
    • provider ecm presso il ministero della salute
    • accreditamento S.I.Co. per i corsi counseling

    Collegamenti:

    • affiliata al G.I.R.E.P. - Groupe International du Rêve-Eveillé en Psychanalyse di Parigi
    • Società Italiana di Neuroscienze S.I.N.S.
    • Istituto Biaggi, Psicoanalisi Arte Cultura Brasil-Italia
    • Centro di Neuroscienze, Università degli Studi dell’Insubria – Varese
    • A.C.A., American Counseling Association
    • CICLO CEAP, Centro de Estudos Avançados de Psicologia
    • CIS – Centro Italiano di Sessuologia - Bologna
    • CIRF – Centro Italiano di Ricerche Fenomenologiche - Roma
    • International Society of Phenomenology of Religion - Roma

    Organigramma e Funzionigramma

    Comitato Scientifico SISPI:

    • Carrara Alberto
    • Cassar Laner
    • Curatolo Paolo
    • Fabre Nicole (Direttore)
    • Fesce Riccardo
    • Perussia Felice
    • Valtorta Flavia (Coordinatore)
    • Vender Simone (Garante del Corso Quadriennale)
    • Zanetti M. Assunta

    Didatti:

    • De Martin M. Grazia, Psicologa Psicoterapeuta, Didatta GIREP (Treviso)
    • De Palma Manuela, Psicologa, Psicoterapeuta, SISPI (Milano)
    • Fabre Nicole, Psicologa Psicoanalista, Didatta GIREP (Parigi)
    • Pandolfi Alessandra, Anestesista Psicoterapeuta (Varese)
    • Passerini Alberto, Psichiatra Psicoterapeuta, Didatta GIREP (Milano, Roma)
    • † Simeti Francesco, Neuropsichiatra Infantile, Psicoterapeuta (Parma)
    • Talamoni Maurizio, Psicologo Psicoterapeuta, SISPI (Milano)
    • Didatti GIREP (www.girep.com)

    Consiglio Docenti:

    • Biaggi Maria Bernadette, Psicologa, Psicoanalista (Belo Horizonte MG Brazil)
    • De Palma Manuela, Psicologa, Psicoterapeuta, SISPI (Milano)
    • Pandolfi Alessandra, Anestesista, Psicoterapeuta, Ospedale "S. Antonio Abate" (Gallarate VA)
    • Talamoni Maurizio, Psicologo Psicoterapeuta, SISPI (Milano)
    • Torlasco Silvana, Medico Psicoterapeuta (Monza Brianza)
    • Zanetti Maria Assunta, Associato di Psicologia dello Sviluppo, Università degli Studi di Pavia
    • Zizolfi Salvatore, Psichiatra, International Rorschach Society (Como) (Responsabile)

    Segreteria:

    • Creati Andrea, (Segretario)

    Responsabile della qualitá:

    • De Palma Manuela

    Formatori S.I.S.P.I:

    (formatori sul modello psicodinamico dell’Esperienza Immaginativa, che frequentano l’aggiornamento continuo, la supervisione e sono attivi nella ricerca sviluppata dalle Unità Operative)

    • Barbagelata Flavia (Tutor)
    • De Palma Manuela
    • Lecchi Paola
    • Ninotti Olivia
    • Orlando Marina (Tutor)
    • Parini Maria Rosa
    • Talamoni Maurizio
    • Torlasco Silvana

    (Universitari o Professionisti con più di 5 anni di esperienza):

    • Ales Bello Angela, Ordinario di Storia della Filosofia Contemporanea, Pontificia Università Lateranense, Città del Vaticano
    • † Ancona Leonardo, Emerito di Psichiatria Università Cattolica di Roma
    • Aragona Massimiliano, Professore di Filosofia della Psicopatologia, Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza", Area Sanitaria Caritas (Roma)
    • Bartolacelli Erio, Psicologo Psicoterapeuta, Ospedale "Bassini" (Milano)
    • Benfenati Fabio, Direttore Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Università degli Studi di Genova (Genova)
    • Bianchi Mons. Paolo, Presidente Tribunale Ecclesiastico Regionale Lombardo – T.E.R.L. (Milano)
    • Bolzani Lorenza, Psichiatra, Direttrice Clinica Viarnetto (Lugano, Svizzera)
    • Bonicalzi Francesca, Ordinario di Filosofia Morale, Università degli Studi di Bergamo, Membro dell'Association Amis de Gaston Bachelard
    • Bonvini Rino, Movimento de Saùde Mental Comunitaria do Bom Jardim - MSMCBJ (accreditato OMS), Unversitade Federal de Fortaleza, Fortaleza CE (Brasil)
    • Bosio-Verga Gabriella, Psicologa, Psicoterapeuta, Didatta GIREP (Monza)
    • Calabrò Anna Rita, Professore di Sociologia, Università degli Studi di Pavia (Pavia)
    • † Callieri Bruno, Ordinario di Psichiatria e Clinica Neuropsichiatrica, Università di Roma "La Sapienza"
    • Calissano Pietro, E.B.R.I. - European Brain Research Institute (Roma)
    • Carrara Alberto, Biologo, Filosofo, Teologo, Docente della Facoltà di Bioetica, Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum (Roma)
    • † Carta Italo, già Direttore della Scuola di Specializzazione in Psichiatria, Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca
    • Caselli Cristina, Docente di Psicologia dello Sviluppo, LUMSA – Libera Università Maria SS. Assunta, Roma
    • Cassar Laner, Psicologo, Psicoterapeuta Junghiano, Presidente del Malta Depth. Psychlogical Association
    • Chianura Luca, Responsabile di Psicologia Clinica - SAIFIP, Azienda S. Camillo-Forlanini (Roma)
    • Chiore Valeria, Università degli Studi di Napoli “L'Orientale”
    • Colombi Sergio, Psicologo, Psicoterapeuta, Professore di Psicodiagnostica, Università degli Studi di Pavia
    • Curatolo Paolo, Ordinario di Neuropsichiatria Infantile, Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata", Presidente International Child Neurology Association (Roma)
    • Janiri Luigi, Direttore Scuola di Specializzazione in Psichiatria, Policlinico Universitario A.Gremelli (Roma)
    • Dazzi Nino, Ordinario di Psicologia Dinamica, Università di Roma "La Sapienza" (Roma)
    • De Martin M. Grazia, Psicologa Psicoterapeuta, Didatta GIREP (Treviso)
    • De Morais Vania, Psicologa, Hospital das Clinicas, Belo Horizonte M.G. (Brasil)
    • Ercolani Roberto, Psicologo Psicoterapeuta, Centro Medicina Psicosomatica (Milano)
    • Fabre Nicole, Psicologa, Psicoanalista Infantile, Professeur au Centre Sèvres de Paris, Fondatore e Didatta GIREP (Parigi)
    • Fabriani Loredana, Direttore Diploma in Scienze Infermieristiche, Università di Roma "La Sapienza" (Roma)
    • Ferro Antonino, Psichiatra, Didatta e già Presidente del Centro Milanese di Psicoanalisi “Cesare Musatti”
    • Fesce Riccardo, Neurobiologo, Ordinario di Fisiologia e Direttore del Centro di Neuroscienze, Università degli Studi dellInsubria
    • Filiberti Antonio, Psicologo Psicoterapeuta, ASL VCO (Verbania)
    • Fiscella Graziano, Psichiatra Psicoterapeuta, Dirigente Medico del Dipartimento delle Patologie da Dipendenza, ASL AL (Alessandria)
    • Giglio Francesco, Psicologo Psicoterapeuta, Psicoanalista Jonas di Milano, Docente corsi elettivi sulle dipendenze patologiche, Università degli Studi di Milano (Milano)
    • Lafuente Monserrat, Neuropsichiatra Infantile, Fondazione Idente di Studi e Ricerca (Roma)
    • Maffei Cesare, Ordinario di Psicologia Clinica, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele di Milano, International Society for the Study of Personality Disorder
    • Mazzotta Maria, Dirigente Scolastico, I.C. "Fratelli Bandiera" (Roma)
    • Merati Luisa, Medico Psicosomatista, Società Italiana di Medicina Psicosomatica (Milano)
    • † Natanson M. Madeleine, Psicoanalista Didatta del Groupe International du Rêve-Eveillé en Psychanalyse – G.I.R.E.P. di Parigi, Professeur Université de Haute et Basse Normandie (Francia)
    • Noaro Carla, Psicologa, Psicoterapeuta con la Procedura Immaginativa (Sanremo, Imperia)
    • Orlandi Arianna, Psicologa Sessuologa (Roma)
    • Parini Maria Rosa, Psicologa, Psicoterapeuta con l’Esperienza Immaginativa (Milano)
    • Parsi M.Rita, Psicologa, Psicoterapeuta, Docente Università degli Studi di Cassino
    • Pasquo Massimo, Assistente Sociale, Gruppo Appartamento 'Torre Gaia' Minori Adolescenti Borderlines (Roma)
    • Passerini Alberto, Psichiatra, Docente di Psicoterapia Psicodinamica, Università degli Studi dellInsubria, Didatta GIREP (Milano)
    • Perussia Felice, Ordinario di Psicologia Generale, Università degli Studi di Torino (Torino)
    • Pessina Viviana, Psicologa, Psicoterapeuta con la Procedura Immaginativa (Monza)
    • Petrini Piero, Psichiatra, Psicoterapeuta, Professore di Psichiatria Università di Cassino Dirigente Responsabile di Psichiatria, Ospedale S.Camillo-Forlanini ASL RMD, Centro Disturbi Personalit (Roma)
    • Porfirio M. Cristina, Neuropsichiatra Infantile, Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata" (Roma)
    • † Rifelli Giorgio, Medico, Psicoterapeuta, Docente Psicologia e Psicopatologia del Comportamento Sessuale, Università degli Studi di Bologna, Centro Italiano di Sessuologia CIS di Roma (Bologna)
    • Quattrini Fabrizio, Psicologo, Psicoterapeuta, Sessuologo, Università degli Studi de L’Aquila
    • Rizzi Pietro, Psicologo, Psicoanalista S.P.I., già Associato di Psicologia Dinamica, Università degli Studi Milano Bicocca
    • Scassellati Sforzolini Giovanna, Direttore Modulo Azienda Ospedaliera S. Camillo-Forlanini (Roma)
    • † Simeti Francesco, Neuropsichiatra Infantile, Docente Facoltà di Psicologia di Venezia dell'Università Pontificia di Roma
    • Simond Marianne, Psicologa, Psicoanalista, Professeur Universit di Scienze Sociali "Pierre Mends" di Grenoble, Didatta GIREP di Parigi (Francia)
    • Tola Vittoria, già Presidente Commissione Interministeriale per l'attuazione dell'ex art.18 T.U.286/98 del Dipartimento Pari opportunità (Roma)
    • Valtorta Flavia, Ordinario di Farmacologia, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele di Milano, Counselor con la Procedura Immaginativa
    • Vender Simone, Ordinario di Psichiatria, Università degli Studi dell'Insubria (Varese)
    • Taliani de Marchio Margherita, Caritas Diocesana di Roma 'Tata Giovanni' (Roma)
    • Zatti Alberto, Associato di Psicologia Generale, Università degli Studi di Bergamo
     
  • Sispi A Escola Internacional de Especializaçao com o Processo Imaginativo, com sede em Milao e Roma, è ligada ao Groupe International du Reve-Eveillè en Psychanalyse G.I.R.E.P. de Paris e a Sociedade Italiana de Neurosciencia – S.I.N.S; funciona tambèm no Brasil e na Suiça. Sispi Promove formaçao, divulgaçao e trocas interdisciplinares no campo mèdico e psicologico, expandindo a autores, grupos e realidades que trabalham com produçoes imaginativas. A pesquisa direciona o seu interesse na correlaçao entre meta psicologia da imagem, psicanalise e neurosciencia. Sispi E’ sede do curso de especializaçao quadrienal em psicoterapia (autorizado pelo M.I.U.R. com D.M. 10/10/2008, de acordo com a L.56/89, art.3), de cursos de counseling (acreditado na Sociedade Italiana Counseling S.I.Co.), è fornecedor de atualizaçoes ECM no Ministerio da Saude. Alèm da atividade de formaçao, a S.I.S.P.I, atraves de seus profissionais oferece serviços as pessoas em Roma e no Nort da Italia. Sispi As prestaçoes de serviços sao com profissionais autonomos ou atraves convençoes. Para as areas psicopedagogicas, psicoterapeuticas e consiliares, os profissionais sao professores ou didatas da escola ou psicoterapeutas sempre atualizados e supervisionados nos casos em tratamento. Nas diversas areas sao realizadas conveçoes com renomados profissionais esternos. (traduzione a cura di Mirelle Biaggi-Alvarenga)

    Convegno "Il Circuito della Gratificazione", Milano 31/10/2009 - 150 partecipanti

    Sispi

    Convegno ‘Dal Rêve-Eveillè all’Esperienza Immaginativa – Palazzo Reale, Milano 23/10/2010 - 90 partecipanti

    Sispi

    SISPI - Sede di Roma, P.za Ruggero di Sicilia 2

    Sispi

    Seminario “Emozioni e Immaginario” – Roma 24/2/2011

    Sispi
     
  • Międzynarodowa Szkoła Specjalizacyjna z Procedurą Wyobrażeniową, z siedzibą w Mediolanie i w Rzymie, związana jest z Groupe International du Reve-Eveillé en Psychanalyse G.I.R.E.P. w Paryżu i z Società Italiana di Neuroscienze - S.I.N.S (włoskie stowarzyszenie neuronauk); działa także w Brazylii i w Szwajcarii. Promuje szkolenie, rozpowszechnianie i wymianę interdyscyplinarną w obszarze medycznym i psychologicznym, wzbogaconą przez pracę licznych autorów, grup i instytucji, zajmujących się produkcją wyobrażeniową. Zainteresowanie badawcze Szkoły zwraca się w kierunku związku pomiędzy metapsychologią obrazu, psychoanalizą i neuronaukami. Jest ona również siedzibą czteroletniej specjalizacji z psychoterapii (uznawanej przez MIUR- [Włoskie Ministerstwo Szkolnictwa Wyższego] na mocy prawa L.56/86, art.3), kursów counselingu (akredytowanych przez Włoskie Towarzystwo Counselingu S.I.Co.), organizatorem kursów dokształcających ECM (kształcenie ustawiczne w zakresie medycyny) przy Ministerstwie Zdrowia. Oprócz działalności formacyjnej, poprzez pracę własnych fachowców, oferuje usługi na rzecz zdrowia osoby w Rzymie, Mediolanie i w wielu prowincjach północnych Włoch. Usługi te wykonywane są na zasadzie świadczeń prywatnych, jak również refundowanych. Nasi fachowcy w dziedzinie psychopedagogiki, psychoterapii i poradnictwa są jednocześnie wykładowcami Szkoły i psychoterapeutami, którzy uczestniczą w kursach ustawicznego dokształcania zawodowego, i superwizji przypadków klinicznych, z którymi mają do czynienia. Szkoła dysponuje, na mocy podpisanych umów, również wsparciem nadzwyczajnych konsultantów zewnętrznych w rozmaitych dziedzinach.

    Debata

    Przemówienie Alberto Passerini (SISPI- Włochy) z udziałem Alain Feld (Belgia), Nicole Liljefors (Szwecja), Tom Holman (USA); Moderatorzy: Michèle Taillandier, Lyliane Nemet-Prier:

    • Moderator: Jak odebraliście tytuł „śnić więcej aby poczuć się lepiej”?
      A.P.: „Pozytywnie zaskoczył mnie ten tytuł, ponieważ od razu nasunął mi on na myśl inne niż psychoterapeutyczne zastosowanie Reve-Eveillé”, zastosowanie u osób „normalnych”, tak jak to robił Desoille w celach badawczych. We Włoszech stosujemy je w dwóch obszarach: a) psychopedagogicznym, w pracy grupowej z uczniami szkół podstawowych, w celu rozwoju zdolności twórczychj, umiejętności wyobrażeniowej i zaznajomienia się z własnymi emocjami; b)w przygotowaniu psychologicznym osób, które mają stawić czoła zabiegom chirurgicznym, a zwłaszcza u chorych na raka, poprzez krótkoterminowy counseling, złożony z czterech spotkań z użyciem Reve- Eveillé (Doświadczenia Wyobrażeniowego), dzięki któremu uzyskaliśmy obniżenie zastosowania środków przeciwbólowych nawet do 40% w trakcie zabiegu i w ciągu pierwszych 48 godzin pooperacyjnych.
    • M: W jaki sposób, w waszej praktyce zawodowej, proponujecie waszym pacjentom „Rever éveillé” w trakcie wizyty terapeutycznej?
      A.P.: Używamy klasycznej procedury gdzie pacjent kładzie się na szezlongu, zamyka oczy, i po zastosowaniu relaksacji używa się obrazów archetypowych Desoille’a (Dzban, Miecz, itd.), innych obrazów o znaczeniu symbolicznym, obrazów zaczerpniętych z poprzednich Doświadczeń Wyobrażeniowych, snów, opowiadań pacjenta; ponadto, w przypadku pacjentów szczególnie opornych, którym sprawia trudność zanurzenie się we własną wyobraźnię, używa się wyrażeń metaforycznych zastosowanych przez nich samych w sposób przypadkowy w kontakcie terapeutycznym twarzą w twarz: pamiętam jednego z moich byłych pacjentów, który był osobą bardzo konkretną, racjonalną, i sprawiało mu trudność oddanie się wyobraźni, który w trakcie spotkania, opowiadając o problemach w relacji z żoną, użył wyrażenia metaforycznego „to jest jak biec w wodzie”; zaproponowałem mu więc by wyobraził sobie, że biegnie w wodzie, on zaczął opisywać scenę, lecz od razu zaobserwował, że” przeszliśmy do wyobrażeń bez półmroku”, ja interweniowałem mówiąc ”tak, proszę kontynuować” i po raz pierwszy udało mu się rozwinąć twórczy scenariusz Doświadczenia Wyobrażeniowego.
    • Śnić nie śpiąc, na szezlongu, jest to coś „dodatkowego” w akcie analitycznym? Jak byście mogli zdefiniować tą „dodatkową wartość”?
      A.P.: „Nie zgadzam się, że Reve Eveillé (Doświadczenie Wyobrażeniowe) jest „czymś dodatkowym w akcie analitycznym”: Reve Eveillé jest aktem analitycznym, albo lepiej: to właśnie w Doświadczeniu Wyobrażeniowym ma miejsce akt analityczny; ono jest dla nas sednem leczenia. W tym właśnie, w aktualnej praktyce, tkwi różnica między nami a Desoille, jako że on skłaniał się bardzo ku poszukiwaniu sensu we współzależności pomiędzy obrazami ze scenariusza i rzeczywistością aktualną lub przeszłą podmiotu; my dzisiaj pracujemy o wiele bardziej wewnątrz samego scenariusza, poprzez interwencje psychoanalityka, i z mojego punktu widzenia, wyjaśnić to można faktem, że Dessoile leczył przede wszystkim świat neurotyczny, podczas gdy w dzisiejszych czasach coraz częściej mamy do czynienia z patologią narcystyczną”.
    • M.: Wyobraźnia ułatwia dotarcie do sfery przedsłownej, do pierwszych więzi dziecka z własnym otoczeniem
      A.P.: „Odnajdujemy się w koncepcji Gastona Bachelarda, w tym miejscu, w którym wykazuje różnice pomiędzy językiem słownym, opierającym się na szeregowości,abstrakcji, i językiem wyobrażeniowym, charakteryzującym się poprzez zagęszczenie, analogię, przestrzenność: opisując tą ostatnią cechę, może być on uznany, jak Desoille, za prekursora koncepcji wyobraźni i percepcji, które w dzisiejszych czasach zostały wyjaśnione poprzez neuronaukę. Okazało się bowieme, że te dwie aktywności umysłowe są do siebie podobne pod względem niektórych cech neurofizjologicznych, pod względem zaś innych- różnią się od siebie. Colette Jacob, dziś rano stwierdził, że ‘opis jest sam w sobie przepracowaniem’. Aktualnie badania SISPI są skierowane na zgłębienie zjawiska regresji i przepracowania, ułatwionego poprzez Obraz początkowy Doświadczenia Wyobrażeniowego, właśnie na podstawie poprzednio zacytowanych teorii, czyli na znalezienie neurobiologicznego wyjaśnienia zjawisk psychologicznych, tak jak zakładał już sam Freud. Dla uzupełnienia mojej wypowiedzi mogę powiedzieć, że w pracy klinicznej stosujemy niektóre obrazy sprzyjające regresji do scenariuszy, które pacjenci przypisują wręcz do okresu płodowego”.
    • M.: Analiza przeniesienia (w znaczeniu przeniesienia i przeciwprzeniesienia) zawsze jest podstawowym filarem pracy terapeutycznej? Jeśli tak, w jaki sposób wprowadzenie zmiennej „świat wyobraźni” modyfikuje naszą praktykę terapeutyczną?
      A.P.: „Nie, dla nas analiza przeniesienie i przeciwprzeniesienia nie jest podstawowym filarem pracy terapeutycznej, jest nim natomiast Doświadczenie Wyobrażeniowe (Reve Eveillé). Przeniesienie i przeciwprzeniesienie przepracowuje się wewnątrz świata wyobrażeń. Relacja, poza Doświadczeniem Wyobrażeniowym, skupia się wokół pojęcia ‘spotkania’ pomiędzy terapeutą a pacjentem: koncepcja ta, pochodzenia fenomenologicznego, wprowadzona we Włoszech przez Bruno Callieri w 1963, zainspirowana przez Szkołę Sztutgardzką (F. Schottlander, W.Leiblin i inni), w myśl której autentyczne zainteresowanie osobiste wobec pacjenta determinuje jego predyspozycję do wyzdrowienia. Dziś rano Nicole Fabre powiedziała, że zarówno pacjent jak i terapeuta, we wspólnej pracy analitycznej, są jak dwaj ‘powieściopisarze’, ich relacja nabiera kolorów dzięki uczuci i, cytując jednego ze swoich pacjentów, z zawodu chemika, psychoanalityk jest jak katalizator który ułatwia reakcję chemiczną przemiany analitycznej, lecz pełniąc tę funkcję również i katalizator podlega przemianie, pomiędzy tym co było przed i po zaistnieniu relacji. Cytując dalej Callieriego, ‘z całą pewnością przeniesienie jest ważne ponieważ przedstawia wyładowanie emocjonalne na analityka bloków zachowaniapochodzących z wczesnego dzieciństwa i w związku z tym należy mówić o przeniesieniu i o jego rozwiązaniu; lecz tylko wtedy gdy pacjent otwiera się na spotkanie (zakładając, że terapeuta jest na nie gotowy i do niego zdolny), tylko wtedy pacjent zaczyna być prawdziwie zdolny do komunikowania, do wejścia w relację’”.

    W związku z powyższym pojawiły się liczne pytania dotyczące zastosowania Doświadczenia Wyobrażeniowego w przygotowaniu do operacji chirurgicznych, a także nowej teorii Bodźca Percepcyjnego (Obrazu początkowego), opartej na neurofizjologicznym rozdzieleniu wyobraźni od percepcji.

    Bibliografia
    Passerini, A. (2009), Immaginario: cura e creativitá. L’esperienza immaginativa dal neurone alla psicoterapia, Roma.

     
  • Foreword by Alberto Passerini and Flavia Valtorta from the book:
    Immaginario: Cura e Creativita’ – L’Esperienza Immaginativa dal neurone alla psicoterapia
    The imaginary – Cure and Creativity – The Imaginative Experience from the neuron to psychotherapy

    This book aims to highlight the clinical experience of over twenty years using the waking dream psychotherapeutic methods of Reve Eveille and its corollary, the method of Procedura Immaginativa (Imaginative Procedure), which our group has adopted under the name of Esperienza Immaginativa (Imaginative Experience). This new therapeutic model has been developed in the light of neuro-scientific developments on the study of the imagination and the psychotherapeutic relationship itself. It is very encouraging to read about the studies on mental imagery using neuro-imaging techniques (Positron Emission Tomography), functional magnetic resonace,transcranial magnetic stimulation...) which have given us extraordinary results that have allowed us to clarify better what had been intuited before about the inner workings of the mind. Furthermore, the studies on the structures and cerebral functions of the brain implicated in imagination are helping us understand and to develop further our therapeutic model of working with the imagination, which is the royal road to the unconscious.

    The theoretical framework that encompasses this work, is the Waking Dream (Reve Eveille) of Robert Desoille (1890-1966) that has been further developed after his death up to this day by G.I.R.E.P (International Group of Psychoanalytic Waking Dream). Our ideas using the Esperienza Immaginativa have been appreciated within G.I.R.E.P and left an influence on the French group itself. Our recent opening of S.I.S.P.I, an Italian Psychotherapeutic Training school using the waking dream method, which is a member of G.I.R.E.P also aims to develop the clinical applications of the method and to make the therapeutic method more known in the international scene. The theoretical model of the latter school has a solid psychodynamic basis and understands the production of images according to the contemporary principles of depth psychology (Marhaba 2007) which is characterised by an idiographic research approach (Carta, 2004).

    The name of Procedura Immaginativa has been introduced in Italy in the early 1990s, to indicate the imaginative material produced during the oneiric part of the analytic session dedicated specifically to having a waking dream (Rocca & Stendora, edit. by Passerini, 1991). At the time, the term Reve Eveille (Waking Dream) was used interchangeably with Procedura Immaginativa and many times one term appeared next to the other in brackets. However, after the mid-1990s (Bondi, Passerini, 1997) the situation changed since for the first time, the term Procedura Immaginativa started to refer to a specific theoretical and methodological model of psychotherapy. This model gathered a series of operational terms and definitions from Desoille’s Waking dream method, that had been translated and further developed by the Italian group within G.I.R.E.P starting from the 1980s (Marafante, Frei, 1983), (Rocca, Passerini, Giampier, 1986), Rocca, Stendoro, Passerini, 1988). Then, from the mid-1990s the method of Procedura Immaginativa developed its own specific identity, characterised by an internal coherent methodology albeit an off-spring of the original Reve Eveille method. Within S.I.S.P.I. the term Esperienza Immaginativa is used.

    Throughout the years, several different groups all members of G.I.R.E.P, originating from different countries have shaped Reve Eveille into their own particular style although all groups share a common Desoillian heritage. This issue of theoretical diversity have also been raised in France itself after the death of Desoille himself. There were some members who would have liked Desoille’s method to be fully integrated as part of psychoanalysis while another branch insisted of keeping their individuality offered by the waking dream itself which nonetheless could benefit psychoanalytic theory. The latter is the philosophy of the current group within G.I.R.E.P. The present book falls part of this tradition.

    We have tried to formulate a model based on recent research neuro-biolgical developments which can help us understand better the dynamics involved in the clinical practice of the Esperienza Immaginativa. However, one may pose the question of how much relevant is the inclusion of neurobiology in the theory and practisce of psychodynamic psychotherapy? The neuro-biologist Eric Kandel (a psychiatrist with a psychoanalytic background and winner of Nobel Price for Medicine in 2000 for his research work on memory) emphasized the fact that the future of psychoanalysis depends on the possibility of building a dialogue with neuro-biology and cognitive sciences, in order to build a new and valid conceptual working model (Kandel 1999). The affinity between the two approaches is based on the fact that they both agree that the development of the mind is experience related.

    In the scientific field it is understood that there is a certain concordance in the results of both molecular and cellular analysis. The mirror neuron studies have shed important light on the capacity of imagination itself as well as on the circularity involved in the giving of the imaginative stimulus and in receiving it, which is crucial in the waking dream methods (Procedura Immaginativa/Reve Eveille). The theory of the selection of neuron groups, formulated by Gerald Edelman, has also been analysed in the context of the building of neuron pathways and circuits and how this can lead to behavioural change in psychotherapy (Edelman, Tononi, 2000).

    This book gives particular attention to emotions and to their function of linking the mind with the body as proven by a series of experimental research results. It is know that the quality of the attachment process in humans affects the experience and the regulation of emotions which in turn leaves an impact on the formation and stability of neural connections in the brain and ultimately on the construction and plasticity of the brain itself. Similarly, the steady development of a new emotional relationship in adult life can considerably change the processing of emotions in the brain, eventually leading to a new adjustment. This concept can be translated to the analytic relationship, and in particular to the practice of psychotherapy with the Esperienza Immaginativa, which in turn can help us re-read the developments in our clinical cases. These neuro-scientific findings, confirm what has already been suggested in psychoanalysis, namely the emotional relationship has a central role, both in the representation and in the processing of experience itself. One can thus conclude, the conscious and unconscious experiences are not processed independently from how the brain is structured.

    The attempt to understand the neural correlates of the clinical experience is certainly worth investing in. However, there is a risk of transplanting the neurobiolgical explanations and terminology directly and superficially on the existing clinical terminology, thus repeating what is already known. Our challenge has been to try and widen our knowledge of how our brain works and to try and understand the implication of the mechanisms behind our cerebral functioning in our clinical practice. Consequently, we tried to formulate hypotheses which could be tested empirically and in line with our theoretical methodology.

    Translated by Mr. Laner Cassar
    October, 2012.

    Robert Desoille and Rêve Eveillé Dirigé (RED)– Waking Dream Method

    Robert Desoille (May 29, 1890 - October 10, 1966) was a French psychotherapist who developed a therapeutic method based on waking dreams known as Directed Waking Dream method (rêve eveillé dirigé, or RED). The French psychoanalyst, Jacques Chazaud, in a review of Desoille’s work Entretiens sur le rêve éveillé dirigé en psychothérapie (1973), claimed ‘le rêve-éveillé de Desoille est la seule trouvaille qui compte depuis Freud/ the waking dream of Desoille is the only worthy discovery after Freud (my translation).’ However, in comparison to Freud and Jung, Desoille is a less known figure in psychology, whose contributions of the directed waking-dream approach deserve much more attention.

    Desoille was born in Besançon into a family of military officers and was trained as an engineer. While his profession was that of an engineer his vocation was definitely a therapeutic one. After his 1923 meeting with the occultist Colonel Eugène Caslant, who introduced him to an experimental mental imaging technique, he developed his method of the directed waking dream. Desoille’s ideas about his rêve-éveillé-dirigé method (RED) can be found in five of his books which he published between 1938 and 1961 and three others who were published post-humously. His ideas can also be found in his many articles mainly published in Action et Pensée starting as early as 1923, and several lectures in conferences which he gave during his life both in France and abroad.

    Desoille invented a method which was built on the main previous therapeutic methods known in France of the twentieth century, namely hypnosis and psychoanalysis. He wanted a method in which the patient remembered what happened to him during the session unlike hypnosis and in which the patient could co-operate with the therapist rather than succumb to the therapist’s power.

    At the theoretical level, Desoille was influenced first by Sigmund Freud, then by Carl Gustav Jung and finally, following his membership of the French Communist Party, he modelled his theory on Pavlovian behaviouristic principles. Desoille's first writings in the 1920s were published with the help of the Genevan analyst Charles Baudouin. Desoille built his theories on the works of Freud, Pierre Janet, and Roland Dalbiez. He studied the relationship between symbolism, emotions, and memory in his early works, underscoring the applicability of the directed waking dream method in exploring sublimation. In the 1940s, Desoille was influenced by Jung's collective unconscious and presented his own conception of the mind based on Freud's three instances. Desoille believed that the transference described by Freud, could be expressed and resolved in the directed waking dream itself. Finally, in the 1950s and 1960s, in line with his political affiliations, Desoille embraced a Pavlovian conception of neurosis, based on reflexes, in what was termed a "rational psychotherapy". Desoille died at age 76 in Paris.

    Desoille argued that the best way to help the patient have a waking-dream was to make the patient lie down on a couch or an arm-chair with his eyes-closed and with a dim lit environment (1938, p.46), thus facilitating regression. Desoille defined the waking dream as ‘an intermediary stage between the waking state and the dreaming state, between the physiological and the psychical’ (1961). He compared this state to that induced by Freud in his early ‘pressure technique’ (SE, p.109-11). After a detailed anamnesis covering all kinds of habits of daily life, Desoille would help the patient to relax.

    Desoille would give an ‘image de depart/ initial stimulus’ to the patient lying relaxed on a couch and the patient would let his imagination work on the stimulus and create an inner ‘oneiric’ drama. The six stimuli were the theme of a sword for a men and a vase for a woman (its purpose to understand one’s own sexuality); the theme of a descent to the bottom of the sea (its purpose was to confront one’s suppressed characteristics); theme of a witch or a sorcerer (its purpose was of coming to terms with the parent of the opposite sex and the parent of one’s own sex; theme of descending in a cave to find a dragon (its purpose was to come to terms with authority and society’s constraints); theme of sleeping beauty or prince charming (its purpose was of coming to terms with the Oedipal situation, (Desoille, 1966). Desoille would not necessarily follow these imaginative stimuli in order and at times he would repeat them and he would as well use other spontaneous images arising during therapy sessions.

    The patient had to experience with all the senses his or her imaginative journey and not be a passive viewer of the imaginative landscape. Desoille described three different types and levels of images that were met during a directed waking dream namely images from the patient’s life, similar to those met in dreams; fabulous images associated with folklore and myths and finally mystical images.

    The therapist placed behind the subject, would sometimes intervene to either specify part of imaginary space or to encourage the patient to explore the heights or the depths of his imaginary space which he or she would be immersed in. Desoille equated movement with la vie (life) and la liberté (liberty). The primary axis of all movement was vertical and hence descending and ascending were the most important motions. For Desoille, movement in space spelled metamorphosis. Particularly for Desoille, the ascensional movement was very crucial and its frequency and quality manifested the degree to which the patient had been freed from his or her neurotic problem that had brought him to therapy.

    In fact, Desoille did not discover the imagination but the ‘verb’ of imagination, i.e., the fact that when one moved in an imaginative space one would simultaneously experience emotional and physiological changes in oneself. For Desoille, the waking dream expressed an ‘intimate language’, as described by the French philosopher Georges Politzer, about the patient’s affective interior life including his emotional deficits, psychic conflicts and desires. Desoille believed that all feelings were susceptible towards an evolution which he chose to describe in Bergsonian terms as an évolution créatrice. Desoille described the mechanism of regulation and evolution as la function de sublimation giving it a wider meaning than the reductive one of Freud.

    In another phase of the therapeutic work, the subject would write a written report which will be used in a face-to-face session in order to explore the meaning of the scenario. in the next session, the patient and the therapist would look again at the waking-dream content, and compare it to his daily life difficulties. During this part of the session, the patient and therapist would sit face to face (vis-a–vis). Desoille would not interpret the content of the waking dream as psychoanalysts would do, but would ask the patient to share what he thought about the waking dream’s drama. Desoille summed up his ideas about interpretation when he said that interpretation in RED is ‘tojours utile, parfois necessaire, jamais indispensable/ always useful, sometimes necessary but never indispensable’. He would also ask the patient about his dreams in order to monitor the therapeutic development of the sessions.

    Desoille’s work was carried forward by some of his disciples since in his life time he did not form any school related to his therapeutic method. After Desoille died, his disciples formed an international group of ‘waking dream’ of Desoille - (Groupe International du Rêve-Eveillé Dirigé de Desoille – G.I.R.E.D.D) in Paris in 1966. After some time the group’s name was changed to G.I.R.E.D removing the word dirigé i.e the directivity component whilst emphasizing spatial movement. However, the group was further divided between those who were in favour of a straightforward entry into psychoanalysis (C.I.P.A.R.E); those who wanted to keep the originality of the Desoillian waking dream but use a psychoanalytic framework to understand it (G.I.R.E.P – founded in 1987) and other few ‘Desoillians’ who believed more in the power of the waking-dream itself and which later preferred to identify with Transpersonal and Humanistic schools of thought. G.I.R.E.P is still active in Paris and have several international schools and members affiliated with it. Desoille’s method has been colonised by other psychotherapy approaches with little or no recognition of Desoille’s original contribution to imaginative psychotherapy. Authors that cite Desoille's work include Charles Baudouin, Gaston Bachelard, Claude Levi-Struass, Juliette Favez-Boutonier, Françoise Dolto, Daniel Lagache and Frantz Fanon.

    Mr. Laner Cassar
    Clinical Psychologist & Psychotherapist, Malta

     
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